Princess Juliana Anicia (), daughter of the Anicius Olybrius, Emperor of the is available in facsimile and is now referred to as the Juliana Anicia Codex . PDF | The Greek pharmacopeia of Pedanius Dioscorides (20–70 CE), entitled Peri Ylis Ialikis (latinized as De Materia Medica, On Medical. Ancient Greek Illustrated Dioscoridean Herbals: Origins and Impact of the Juliana Anicia Codex and the Codex Neopolitanus. Article (PDF.

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The third book has 24 birds arranged in a grid on a julana miniature see illustration above. I have not attempted to make the text uniform, and though I have included some sixteenth-century and Linnaean names, many do not indicate current usage.

Dioscorides compiled his medical treatise at the suggestion of a fellow-physician, Areius.

Anicia Juliana

In all he described some one thousand remedies using approximately anifia hundred plants and plant products. Click to view high resolution image Title: The oldest surviving copy of Pedanius Dioscorides’s treatise on medical botany and pharmacology, De materia medica, is an illuminated Byzantine manuscript produced about CE.

This Codex reflects the habit prevailing in the aristocratic classes of ordering products of the hand book type of Literature. This image is part of the aniia extant copy of “De Materia Medica,” an herbal that was commissioned as a token of thanks to the Byzantine princess Anicia Juliana for funding a church consecration.

File:Kestron fol 194v Juliana Anicia Codex – Betonica officinalis.jpg

How to cite item. It jyliana one of the earliest surviving relatively complete codices of a scientific or medical text, one of the earliest relatively complete illustrated codices on any medical or scientific subject, and arguably the most beautiful of the earliest surviving scientific codices. It is certain, however, that, in A.


He discussed about plants or plant products familiar at that time, including almost forty plants still used in medicine today, and mentioned plants from all regions of the known world, including India, Egypt and Cyrenaica, possibly discovered during the military campaigns of Alexander the Great.

A close friend of Aristotle, he is the earliest known systematic botanical author in Europe. The encircling inscription proclaims Juliana as a great patron of art. I wonder how the Dioscurides rank in comparison to Galen and Hippocrates in terms of practical use though. A learned physician, he practiced medicine julliana an army doctor, and saw service with the Roman legions in Greece, Italy, Asia Minor, and Provence in modern-day France.

Staphylinum has leaves like gingidium, only broader and somewhat bitter. Collecting Books, Manuscripts, Art.

It jliana destined to be one of the most famous books on pharmacology and medicine but is also richin horticulture and plant ecology. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Justinian.

When used as a purgative, juice from the tuberous root-stock was applied externally, either over the bowels and bladder region or on the anus. It belongs to a Jew, the son of Hamon, who, while he was still alive, was physician to Soleiman. He had access to the library at Alexandria, and may have studied at Tarsus.

A decoction taken as a drink with wine helps those bitten by harvest spiders. Anlcia to view high resolution image.

Anicia Juliana – Wikipedia

The illustrations fall into two groups. He recorded many plants previously unknown to Greek and Roman physicians, and made an anicka to describe not only their qualities and remedial effects, but also something of their botany and living morphology including roots, foliage, and sometimes flowers. The portrait has Anicia seated in a ceremonial pose distributing alms.

Cultivated and wild carrots from the Juliana Anicia Codex of Staphylinos Keras The cultivated carrot Staphylinos Agrios The wild carrot, but appears to be a primitive type of cultivated carrot Gingidion The wild carrot Daucus gingidium. The first two books have illustrations of the birds inserted into the text columns without frame or background for example, see here. The manuscript was produced for the Byzantine princess Anicia Julianathe daughter of Flavius Anicius Olybrius coodex, who had been emperor of the western empire in CE.


The root is the thickness of a finger, twenty centimetres long, sweet smelling and edible boiled as a vegetable. The JAC contains paintings of plants including many horticultural crops, many of which can still be recognized in modern day examples. Last updated December 31st, A putto holds a dedication copy up to Anicia.

File:Kestron fol v Juliana Anicia Codex – Betonica – Wikimedia Commons

In addition to the text by Dioscorides, the manuscript has appended to it the Carmen de herbis attributed to Rufusa paraphrase of an ornithological treatise by a certain Dionysius, usually identified with Dionysius of Philadelphiaand a paraphrase of Nicander ‘s treatise on the treatment of snake bites. There is also a minor work bearing the name of Dioscorides, Peri aplwn farmakwn, but this may not be authentic.

A decoction of the seed of any of them taken as a drink is warming. I t has been suggested that some of the illustrations in the codex may have been derived from Krataeus, author of a lost herbal and physician to the King of Pontus, Mithridates VI Eupater, in the 1st century BCE. In Honour of E. It also contains what are probably the earliest surviving portraits of scientists or jjuliana in a manuscript.